Firebase is has proved itself to be very robust Realitime Database solution; and with new API, it provides Storage of files as well.

This reduces the Server-side headache of handling files to bare minimum.

We will be going through a simple application to upload images to the Firebase Hosting along with some basic CRUD operations and authentication with Firebase. As we have already covered both topics on following location, we will be concentrating more on the file upload.

If you are looking for how to upload files to PHP, you can read:
Upload files to PHP backend using fetch and FormData

Steps:

Basic process for file upload is

  1. create firebase storage reference const ref = firebase.storage().ref();
  2. Now get the file to be uploaded from the input[type="file"] const file = $('#photo').get(0).files[0]; OR const file = document.querySelector('#photo').files[0];
  3. Now prepare the filename and metadata for the uploaded file 3.1. Filename we can easily get the name of file being uploaded by the name property of the file being uploaded as follows const name = file.name; but it is not a good idea to keep the file name as only identifier, we will use timestamp as well in the beginning of the file name as following= const name = (+new Date()) + '-' + file.name; 3.2. Metadata Metadata needs the object which should contain contentType key. contentType is the file type which can be taken from the file.type const metadata = { contentType: file.type };
  4. Create the file upload task, this file upload task will be handled by the .put() method on storage child. This task is a Promise and hence we can easily operate on this task later const task = ref.child(name).put(file, metadata); The task also supports following methods to handle file upload: // Pause the upload task.pause();  // Resume the upload task.resume();  // Cancel the upload task.cancel();
  5. Use the response of file upload task   .then(snapshot => snapshot.ref.getDownloadURL())   .then(url => console.log(url))

As in above steps, the file upload is complete, though there are few things to notice:

  • You can save the downloadURL of the uploaded file like above; or you can save the fire ref and use it later to get the download URL like as followsconst image = ref.child('kingsman.jpg'); const urlPromise = image.getDownloadURL();  urlPromise.then(url => {   document.querySelector('#someImageTagID').src = url; }
  • There can be many cases of error which you will need to handle in the upload task by the .catch() method of promise like as follows:task   .then(snapshot => snapshot.ref.getDownloadURL())   .then((url) => {     document.querySelector('#someImageTagID').src = url;   })   .catch((error) => {     // A full list of error codes is available at     // https://firebase.google.com/docs/storage/web/handle-errors     switch (error.code) {       case 'storage/unauthorized':         // User doesn't have permission to access the object         break;       case 'storage/canceled':         // User canceled the upload         break;       ...       case 'storage/unknown':         // Unknown error occurred, inspect error.serverResponse         break;     }   });
  • All properties of the returned snapshot are:    Property Type Writable     bucket string NO   generation string NO   metageneration string NO   fullPath string NO   name string NO   size number NO   timeCreated string NO   updated string NO   md5Hash string YES on upload, NO on updateMetadata   cacheControl string YES   contentDisposition string YES   contentEncoding string YES   contentLanguage string YES   contentType string YES   downloadURLs Array NO   customMetadata Object YES    

Final Code:

const ref = firebase.storage().ref();
const file = document.querySelector('#photo').files[0]
const name = (+new Date()) + '-' + file.name;
const metadata = {
  contentType: file.type
};
const task = ref.child(name).put(file, metadata);
task
  .then(snapshot => snapshot.ref.getDownloadURL())
  .then((url) => {
    console.log(url);
    document.querySelector('#someImageTagID').src = url;
  })
  .catch(console.error);

Demo:

The movie DB demo which we created in earlier posts is now equipped with the moviePoster upload as well.

Demo Download


Upload multiple files to Firebase in single Batch:
https://time2hack.com/2018/12/upload-multiple-files-to-firebase/