By convincing a user to view a specially crafted HTML document (e.g., a web page or an HTML email message or attachment), PDF file, Microsoft Office document, or any other document that supports embedded SWF content, an attacker may be able to execute arbitrary code. The vulnerability reportedly affects Flash Player 10.1.82.76 and earlier versions for Windows, Macintosh, Linux, and Solaris, Flash Player 10.1.92.10 for Android, and Adobe Reader and Acrobat 9.3.4 and earlier.
To remove this vulnerability you can opt for following steps
Apply an update
This issue is addressed in Adobe Security Bulletin APSB10-22. This bulletin describes Flash Player 10.1.85.3 for Windows, Macintosh, Linux, and Solaris, Flash Player 10.1.92.10 for Android, and Google Chrome 6.0.472.62, which address this issue.
Disable Flash in your web browser
Disable Flash or selectively enable Flash content as described in Securing Your Web Browser.
Disable Flash and 3D & Multimedia support in Adobe Reader 9
Flash and 3D & Multimedia support are implemented as plug-in libraries in Adobe Reader. Disabling Flash in Adobe Reader will only mitigate attacks that use an SWF embedded in a PDF file. Disabling 3D & Multimedia support does not directly address the vulnerability, but it does provide additional mitigation and results not in a crash but in a more user-friendly error message.
To disable Flash and 3D & Multimedia support in Adobe Reader 9 on Microsoft Windows, delete or rename these files:
"%ProgramFiles%\Adobe\Reader 9.0\Reader\authplay.dll""%ProgramFiles%\Adobe\Reader 9.0\Reader\rt3d.dll"
For Apple Mac OS X, delete or rename these files:
"/Applications/Adobe Reader 9/Adobe Reader.app/Contents/Frameworks/AuthPlayLib.bundle""/Applications/Adobe Reader 9/Adobe Reader.app/Contents/Frameworks/Adobe3D.framework"
For GNU/Linux, delete or rename these files (locations may vary among distributions):
File locations may be different for Adobe Acrobat or other Adobe products that include Flash and 3D & Multimedia support. Disabling these plug-ins will reduce functionality and will not protect against SWF files hosted on websites. Depending on the update schedule for products other than Flash Player, consider leaving Flash and 3D & Multimedia support disabled unless they are absolutely required.
Adobe has provided a TechNote with utilities for uninstalling the Flash Player plug-in and ActiveX control on Windows and Mac OS X systems. Removing these components can mitigate the web browser attack vector for this vulnerability. Note that this will not remove the instances of Flash Player that are installed with Adobe Reader or other Adobe products.
Prevent Internet Explorer from automatically opening PDF documents
The installer for Adobe Reader and Acrobat configures Internet Explorer to automatically open PDF files without any user interaction. This behavior can be reverted to the safer option of prompting the user by importing the following as a .REG file:
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00[HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\AcroExch.Document.7]"EditFlags"=hex:00,00,00,00
Disable the displaying of PDF documents in the web browser
Preventing PDF documents from opening inside a web browser reduces the attack surface. If this workaround is applied to updated versions of Adobe Reader and Acrobat, it may protect against future vulnerabilities.
To prevent PDF documents from automatically opening in a web browser with Adobe Reader:
- Open Adobe Acrobat Reader.
- Open the Edit menu.
- Choose the Preferences... option.
- Choose the Internet section.
- Uncheck the Display PDF in browser checkbox.
Enable DEP in Microsoft Windows
Consider enabling Data Execution Prevention (DEP) in supported versions of Windows. DEP should not be treated as a complete workaround, but it can mitigate the execution of attacker-supplied code in some cases. Microsoft has published detailed technical information about DEP in Security Research & Defense blog posts “Understanding DEP as a mitigation technology” part 1 and part 2. DEP should be used in conjunction with the application of patches or other mitigations described in this document.
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